Blue White Delft

Blue White Delft

A History of Ceramic Tiles

Ceramic tiles are extremely popular today because they are extremely easy to maintain, very cost effective over a long term and they look great. However, they are also more expensive to install although most people tend to look to the lifetime savings they will have when using them. So what exactly is the history of the ceramic tile?

Tiles are wondrous and have a very long history going back to as far as ancient Egypt nearly 6000 years ago in 4000 BC. It is said that tiles are the simplest, oldest form of ceramic art and throughout history tiles were made by many cultures including the Babylonians, The Islamic Empire and the Assyrians. Early tiles can be seen in Tunisia, Kashan Iran and many varied middle-eastern mosques display Koranic scripts using highly colored relief tiles from around the 12th century onwards.

In the 13th and 14th centuries, many of Europe’s Churches were paved with decorated tiles and Holland even became an important center for the trade of tiles in the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 19th century – Britain itself became added even more prestige for their methods of mass-producing tiles. However, the earliest tiles in Western Europe were found in various locations around England circa late 10th century AD. Glazed tiles were considered only for the wealthy and the wealthy sponsored many churches and monasteries with these wonderful creations.

At the start of the 16th century, Moorish methods of tiling found their way through Spain and a wonderfully beautiful example of their craft work can be found at the Alhambra Palace in Granada as well as the great mosque in Granada. The Dutch method of tin glazed tile making spread to the English.

The Dutch became famous for their tiles when in 1544 the first potter was set up in Delft. This quaint Dutch town became world famous in less than fifty years for their fine craftsmanship and their tiles were widely sought after. However, with success, there came competition and the Dutch were not able to hold out any longer. Many potters went bankrupt. The Delft style is considered a great European tile making tradition alongside the Maiollican style from Italy and Spain. The processes applied to the ceramic tiles they made using a tin based glazing process produced such distinctive effects that they were held in very high regard.

The Maiollican tiles were varied and colorful and as their nickname (“paviamenti”) suggests, they were widely used for flooring. Delft tiles fell away from the use of many colors and instead veered away to the Chinese influenced blue and white combinations that are prevalent today.

English tile making experienced a massive boom with the mass production of tiles and this was greatly accelrated by the rise of the Industrial Revolution. It slumped with the turn of the century and the mantle of mass producer was taken on by the Americans. The Americans however, had to compete with the English imports and thus never lost their competitive edge. Ceramic tiles – a true handicraft that has stood the test of time.

About the Author

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Antique Dutch (19th Cent) blue and white Delft porcelain

Note Holder Bull

Note Holder Bull
Guitar Hero: are hammer ons bull-shyt?

I´ve been playing guitar hero for a while now, and I just got guitar hero world tour now and i’ve been wondering. This question is intended for very very very good players, that can actually nail all the solos in One, Mr Crowley, Still Born, Trapped Under Ice, and all those other finger breakers (that is of course, assuming there are people like that! can you actually play that shit? or is that “Through The Fire And Flames” guy, the record holder, Chris Chike, the only one who can actually play this game that well?)

When it comes to really fukc’n hard solos, like the ones aforementioned, do you (people who CAN do it), resort to hammer ons, and techniques such as Just letting your fingers lift ad drop in sequence, sort of a scale movement, or Just leave all of that aside, and just horse it: play finger by finger, note by note, try to get each note individually, and work your pinky and ring fingers until they’re raw and bloody?

basically what i do for sickly fast solos is continue stumming until i get to a part i know i can do with hammer ons and pull offs, its a matter of how many times you played that one song and if you know for a fact you can do it, and to master them dont try practice mode on a slower speed, try it with hyperspeed then go back down thats what i did for TTFaF and i beat it with 92% as my highest percentage wise

Richy Nix – 89x Red Bull Concert (06.19.09 – Day 805)

Ceramic Arts

Ceramic Arts
Handpainted and referring Can tile.Tiles a used outdoor ceramics as ceramic or porcelain?

My daughter wants a block wall tile cement that is beyond their Girl Scout Gold Project High Level. The cost is a concern that dad has this cost, but you need to use porcelain or ceramic is to do? So you need to finish a glass or matte finish paint pottery? The art teacher at his school offered to help tile referring to and can shoot Cone 6. Thirdly, what type of ink and varnish to use?

Forget the cheap porcelain, white ceramic glazes and will choose low heat as is more likely to go to work. Look, if there is a ceramic hardware (Yellow Pages) in the city or a ceramic workshop. Most places that sell enamels are very knowledgeable about their product and can advise you on what to use. Your daughter will have to run the first tests to see how everything works. But if she is a girl High scout must be old enough to be able to do your own research on the project. Reading with a link to a good discussion on the subject.

Europa Mud Kiln, by Aurora Pine Ceramic Arts

Raku Pottery

Raku Pottery
Pouring wax into raku pottery?

I have tons of pottery in my house that I have made, and I was wondering if it would be ok to pour wax into a raku bowl that I have that I really do not like that much, to make it a candle holder type thing. I know that you cannot put water in raku pieces so I’m not so sure about wax!
Thanks so much!
I see that the answer has one thumbs down on it, how is he wrong, can someone clear things up!?

That would be no problem at all! The reason not to put water in raku is because there is such a concentration of metals and other elements-it may rust or make your water toxic to consume! as long as you do not plan on eating the wax you are good to go–haha!

Raku Pottery

Dinner Plate

Dinner Plate
Consumption Day offers free dinner, minus plate
Consuming may be a treat for us, but it could be a trick for the environment. The Students for Environmental Action plan to provide alternative ways to consume, but in a manner that is eco-friendly, today as part of Food, Waste and Consumption Day. “It’s a day of events that will raise awareness about purchasing things that […]
Paint on your Ceramic Dinner Plates- Ceramic Painting Project – Art and Craft

Campbell Art Pottery

Campbell Art Pottery

Grana Fina — Piglet best kept secret in Oaxaca

Alvin Starkman MA LL.B.

Most tourists have no idea that only a few hundred meters from the main road, one or two minutes of the black pottery village, is one of the most fascinating than the state of Oaxaca has to offer children and adults. And most travelers have at least heard or read an excerpt about the red dye that comes natural a tiny insect and is used to color the rugs they buy in Teotitlan del Valle, and other products, including some of the foods and beverages we eat today … cochineal money, commonly known simply as the cochineal.

I suspect that from reading their guides or talking with tour guides and taxi drivers, often users are unaware of the importance of this little bug on the world stage over the centuries, or maybe they think it's enough to buy a carpet and is said to have been dyed with cochineal insects see and touch dry … instead of spending 40 or 50 minutes of horror. It would be different if they knew that during the conquest, mealybug with gold and silver was the most valuable asset known to mankind, and in 1758 exported more than 1.5 million pounds Oaxaca Spanish to Europe, Africa and Asia for a multitude of uses, including the death of tissues, including the uniforms worn by British nobility and chivalry.

Overall, Tlapanochestli environment known as a unique research center, museum, farm and outdoor learning is in Santa Maria Coyotepec, was a way land only 15 minutes from downtown Oaxaca. The attraction was designed to maintain the interest of travelers of all ages and backgrounds, from academic or professional layman.

Entering Tlapanochestli will be received by an employee working on the farm, or perhaps one of the two scientists who conducted research programs and education of Engineers Manual Loera Fernández and Ignacio del Río Dueñas. You will learn about the lifecycle of the cochineal, as it connects and is powered by a some variety of Nopal cactus, and their harvest and preparation for use as dye. Children and adults will delight and horror to have or experience an error or dried crushed palm of your hand in producing the red pigment. You will be because they do not teach all types of cactus are suitable for the production of cochineal, which are used to make salads, and varieties that produce sweet edible red fruit known as tuna, are sold seasonally in markets such as apples and oranges, and as often encountered as a sorbet flavor or fresh fruit juice.

But the journey is not just about insects and their host, but involves learning a number of other products used for dyeing natural fabrics and foods, such shell nut shells, oysters, pomegranate, marigold, moss, indigo plant onions and produced by our blues and indigo. The combination of some of these colors with the results of cochineal in a spectrum of colors even more. You'll also learn how to use the cochineal in combination with lemon juice or baking soda and with different colors of natural wool for the production of orange and purple pieces.

One can not help but marvel at the diversity of commercial products using cochineal as a dye, such as lipstick and makeup for those allergic or sensitive red and orange tones synthetic Danone yoghurt, Campari, and Campbell's soup, even. Often, the artists chose to use the natural resources of cochineal and other witnesses wall colors for your work and therefore adorned with examples of art created without the use of paints containing chemicals. The photos of Prince Charles in attendance Tlapanochestli is a testament to the world's continuing fascination with the historical significance and contemporary fine cochineal. In the shop there is a buying opportunity dry cochineal their own use, the ink from a bottle sealed with wax attractive, paints and bodies, yarn balls, detergent, and for children, perhaps painting a set consisting of dry cochineal to crush with a mortar of mud in miniature, along with pages to color with the address of the instruction sheet on how use the equipment and produce their own shades of red, orange and pink.

A short video set to the production of cochineal in their historical context using data, stories and mythology, along with color images, narrated in a language easily understandable to children. At the same time, those who have a background or interest in science have all your questions. The film describes the use of prehispanic pigments, the development of an internationally regulated industry drawing attention heads of state in the world of the forecasts of conquest, its importance in the global market as the dye brighter stronger and known to mankind, and mid-1800s decline in the invention of synthetic dyes and the consequent negative impact on the Mexican economy. Although the production and export of Oaxaca never recovered from the 19 century recessive factors, the video concludes with an optimistic note resurgence of documentation industry in recent decades, given the concern about the overall health of the continued reliance on synthetic chemicals to dye commercial products.

After his cinematic journey in history, and having learned about how natural dyes are produced and used in many applications, their perception not only in Oaxaca but also the world West has improved for all … if you are in Oaxaca to buy carpets, noting native vendors in a market or an order of ice cream, or sit in the comfort of your home and drinking a Campari and soda.

About the Author

Alvin Starkman received his Masters in Social Anthropology in 1978. After teaching for a few years he attended Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, thereafter embarking upon a career as a litigator until 2004. Alvin now resides in Oaxaca, where he writes, leads small group tours to the villages, markets, ruins and other sites, is a consultant to film production companies, and operates Casa Machaya Oaxaca Bed & Breakfast. ( ) .

New American Wing: Behind-the-Scenes with Director Thomas P. Campbell

African Violet

African Violet

Easter Decor and Flower Gift Ideas

Easter is a Christian celebration, celebrated with chocolate eggs, Easter decor and flower gifts. Despite the religious connotations, the festival is celebrated around the globe as a time for friends and family and has themes of new beginnings, symbolised by the eggs and bright flowers associated with Easter. The Easter bunny and egg concept comes from the pagan festivals relating to Spring and coincide with the Christian and Jewish festivals.  The egg and rabbit themes symbolise fertility.

Easter decor is fun, colourful, engaging and invites a happy and bright feeling to any interior. Flowers and other creative items make for wonderful Easter gifts. The following are decor ideas which are easy to create and extremely effective decorations for the home.

An Easter Basket
A basket with African violets is a striking Easter decoration as the pink and purple hues are reminiscent of the autumn season in South Africa. When Easter is over, the flowers can be removed from the basket and placed elsewhere as decoration because they last for months.

To make this arrangement, take a medium to large basket and place small pots of African violets inside it until it is full and gaps are disguised by the flowers. Lay some small chocolate eggs wrapped in coloured foil amidst the blooms and wrap a pink ribbon around the basket and wind it around the handle. Do not over-water the African violets; keep them in filtered light and away from cold draughts.

Easter Egg Tree
At Easter, a small tree with hanging eggs and other decorations makes a warm addition to any interior and is a tradition practised widely in Germany and Austria. To make an Easter tree, simply cut a small section of branch from a tree (make sure that it is approximately one meter in length and that it has smaller branches to hang decorations from). Place floral foam into a vase or other large container and secure the branch in the foam to stand upright with branches extending away.

To make eggs to hang from the tree, take a raw egg and clean it with white-spirit vinegar. Paint the egg with craft paints or leave them to dye in a solution of three cups of boiled water, 25ml of white vinegar and drops of food colouring, giving the egg a pastel shade. Use a strong glue to secure a brightly coloured ribbon to the egg, creating a loop to hang over one of the tree branches. Make as many eggs as needed and hang them at even intervals from the tree. A nice addition to the arrangement is to tie a brightly coloured ribbon around the container securing the branch. Once the tree is taken down after Easter, throw the eggs away.

Pastel coloured decorations, chocolate eggs and Easter-Bunny soft-toys are effective additions to the basket or tree arrangement. These are symbolic of the pagan roots of spring and fertility and can make any Easter decor idea look attractive and festive.

Easter decor is an easy and effective way of brightening one’s home interior during Easter and the onset of autumn. Easter decor and flower gift ideas are an original and unusual way of celebrating Easter that are cost effective and even more meaningful than purchased gifts.

About the Author

Interflora is an online florist specialising in professional flower arranging and delivery services and has a large catalogue of flower gift ideas including Easter flower gifts.

Caring for African Violets : Avoiding African Violet Problems

Made Holland

Made Holland
Bill Holland ‘grows up’ in the Navy
At 18, William “Bill” Holland was a free spirit. His mother had passed away a year earlier and his father worked, so Bill pretty much did what he wanted. It was the Navy that initially added to some of the craziness in his life, yet ultimately made him into a man.
DJ MNS vs. DJ E-Maxx – Made In Holland

Danish Modern

Danish Modern
Why did Christians print degrading and inflamatory cartoons about Jews in the 1920’s ?

Nazi Anti-Jew Cartoons almost Identical

… One Danish cartoon of Prophet Mohammed shows him with a long, hooked nose, thick lips, a sinister, malevolent glare on his ugly, semitic face and a curved dagger in his hand.

Change the caption “Prophet Mohammed” to “Jew swine” and you have the double of Nazi anti-Semitic hate cartoons of the 1930s from the pages of Die Sturmer.

That’s what this is all about. Modern anti-Semitism, reborn.

Some are too dim to understand.

If they think doing this will solve the problems and decrease the violence then they are in for an big surprise.

Muslims are not going to be like the Jews and peacefully sit around while a genocide is planned against them.

The difference is that the Jews were percieved to be a cause of trouble, while the modern radical Muslims are in fact a cause of trouble.