Ottoman China Ceramic

Ottoman China Ceramic

What is an Oriental Rug?

The term ‘oriental rug’ can be a source of some confusion to those unfamiliar with the subject. It literally means a rug manufactured in the Orient, and could legitimately be applied to any rug of oriental origin, regardless of its appearance or hot i was made. In practice, however, the term is normally used only to describe hang-made rugs produced by traditional methods in the ancient weaving regions of persia (iran), Antolia (Turkey), Afghanistan, the Caucasus, Baluchistan, Turkestan, China, India, Pakistan, he Balkans and parts of North Africa.

This vast area – stretching from China to the Balkans and from India to the northern tip of the Caspian sea – is inhabited by peoples of infinitely diverse cultural, religious and ethnic origins, whose only common feature (apart from occupying territories along the old silk route to the east) seems to be their desire and ability to elevate rug-making from a functional craft o an expressive and deeply satisfying form of art.

It can be difficult for Westerners to appreciate the importance of weaving in the East. Among many nomadic tribal peoples it was often the only medium of creative release, and even in the more sophisticated cultures of Persia, China and Ottoman Turkey, weavings has always ranked alongside painting, architecture , sculpture and ceramics as a valid and celebrated visual art. A master weaver in Persia or Anatolia was held in the same esteem as we hold Rembrandt or Vermeer, and even today there are some textile artists whose reputation and status are equivalent to whose of an contemporary artist in the west.

Much of this veneration is due to the fact that rugs, in addition to there aesthetic value, have long been a integral part of thereligious experience of the Islamic world. Every good Muslim has his own special prayer rug, and Islamic religious symbolism is at the root of many of the most universal rug designs. It is for this reason that many experts prefer th expression ‘Islamic textile art’ when describing oriental rugs, despite the fact that many of the items covered by this description will certainly have been woven by non-Muslims and possess no trace of Islamic symbolism in their compositions. Nor does this expression take into account the element of Buddhist, Taoist, Hindu and even Christian imagery found at the heart of manyrug designs.

It is quite probable that religious symbolism was once exclusive to each particular faith. But centuries of migration, conquest occupation, intermarriage, trade and cultural exchange – not to mention the tendency of artists to copy or reinterpret the most successful facets of other artists-work have been eroded much of this exclusivity. Today it is quite normal, and acceptable, for non-Muslims to weave prayer rugs purely for their schemes. This interchange of visual ideas permeates every facet of the weavers’s art and is one of the prime reasons why alloriental rugs , regardless of their compositional differences, oissess an underlying character that sets them apart from hand made rugs produced in other areas of the world.

By virtue of being hand-made, all oriental rugs can be said to be unique – a weaver, no matter how hard he or she tried to follow particular design, will invariably make small mistakes or innovations which will impart some individual flavour to the work but it is rare to encounter a rug in which the weaver gas consciously striven to express his own creative ideas at the expense of a traditional design.

New designs have of course evolved over the centuries, and will no doubt continue to do so, but the western passion for artistic freedom, novelty and personal expression is not shared by the textile artists of the East. It is perhaps because they are both unique and at the same time a faithful continuation of ancestral traditions that oriental rugs are objects of allure and fascination for the West.

In addition to their underlying similarities of character and appearance, oriental rugs are also defined by the manner in which they are made. They may be either ‘hand-woven’ or ‘hand-knotted’. The former are generally referred to as Kelims or Flatweaves, and are normally cheaper and less frequently encountered of the two types, or simply as rugs, and are generally regarded as the most important aesthetically satisfying manifestations of the oriental rug-maker’s art. They are usually very well made, and although there are always some relatively shoddy examples on the market, the vast majority and extremely durable; provided they are treated with a reasonable degree of care, they will last for many years. Evidence of this can be seen in the surprising number of items surviving from the late 19th and easily 20th centuries, which one could be forgiven for thinking where only a few decades old.

In summary, we can say that an oriental rug, in order to be truly authentic within the generally accepted meaning of the term, must be either hand-knotted or hand-woven, originate from one of the traditional weaving regions and also follow certain ancestral patterns of composition and design.

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Candle Pot

Candle Pot

Gel wax candles and containers

Traditionally, candles were made from animal fat or tallow, whale oil, wax, paraffin, a byproduct of refined oil, soya and, more recently, and other vegetable oils. Gel wax is also a new type of wax to make candles. What is the wax gel? The mineral oil or hydrocarbons. To make gel wax that oil thickened with a special polymer. This makes it clear that the wax and will burn slowly.

Is there a patent on the gel wax, which has Penreco. The company uses the name of Versagel ™ C commercial. There are three types of gel wax: low density, medium and high. The low density melts and pours out easier that way. You can only use fragrance oil 3% and can not be embedded. The wax melts the average density gel and served well. Be held from 5% of fragrance and may contain small players, like pearls and shells and shine. The high density wax gel is a little harder melt and pour is not as easily as the other two. But dense pigment can be suspended in it. Players must be nonflammable. You can use 5-6% fragrance.

gel wax is evident and allows manufacturers of candles do interesting things with it. candle makers do scenes aquarium. When lit the flame creates an unusual brightness, because Spark clear quality. gel wax is used to make container candles. Burns and melts at a higher temperature than paraffin wax. Due to the higher temperature and has to be combined with direct heat, unless it pays a pot is used and must be very careful when working with gel wax. The fragrances that only work with candles gel is fragrance oils in oil soluble non-polar media.

Some of the containers that are good for use with glass gel candles are overweight, bowls ivy, but basically have to be resistant to heat and crack resistant. Some manufacturers of candles do not like using the dishes as they say keep the heat even more. The only thing is that all container candles should be resistant to heat and crack and can not escape. Therefore, heat-resistant containers. The stories out there about exploding gel candles come from people making container candles as tanks and martini glasses, none of these is tempered to withstand the heat if something exactly the opposite is true. A good container for making candles or gel candles in any container is the old standby canning jars, which are designed to resist heat and cracking. jelly jars are also made to have high temperature. That made both containers candlestick makers perennial favorites.

You need to have to note that even a heat resistant container can break. You can take precautions: Never leave a lit candle and leave the room, put it in a sturdy heat and prevent any flammable materials. This is important so that all the candles. Remember, safety is the first place.

About the Author

Tara Smith is a crafter and candle maker. The head writer and co-owner of a
Halloween Candle and Holders
, company Candle Scentsations. Join her as she writes about her passion and shares ideas and tips at her website that carries
Spooky Designs candles

The Sand Pot Candle Show ver 3

Forge Pottery

Forge Pottery
Do you have any information on the Pigeon Forge Pottery?

The Pigeon Forge Pottery was founded by Douglas Ferguson in 1946. He created many sculptures based on the animals in the Smokey Mountain area near Pigeon Forge, Tn. Over the years, many people on vacation visited the pottery with family members, to watch the items being made. As they left, they would pick up an item or two in rememberance of their trip. If you have a story or information to share, please respond, we would love to hear it!

I live in Memphis, Tennessee and I actually went to Pigeon Forge with my parents about 15 years ago. We saw the pottery being made and I believe that my parents picked up a couple of pieces. Whether or not they still have them, I don’t have a clue. But I can remember watching all that!!! I plan on driving to Gatlinburg, TN in the next couple of months, is the pottery store still open?!?!

The Old Mill/The Old Mill Square – Pigeon Forge/Gatlinburg/Smoky Mountains, TN

Holder French

Holder French

Different Types of Easels

An easel is simply an upright support that is used for displaying or fixing something resting upon it. Typically made for artists, easels provide a working plane in which their canvas or sketchpad have a sturdy place to sit while the artist manipulates the material. There are five common types of artist easels. When you want to begin some new artist projects, you may think of purchasing one of the following.

1. A table top easel: This is typically the cheapest type of easel you can get. They are very small and often times collapsible so that they take up no space at all. These types of easels are made for smaller canvases and they are usually made from either metal or wood.

2. A paint-box easel: This is a great easel for beginner artists. This is because they come equipped with a canvas carrier, an easel, and a container box all as one package. This is a great tool for outdoor painting.

3. A French easel: French easels tend to be used by painting professionals. They can be folded up and easily transported. Sometimes they are offered at very large sizes complete with a canvas carrier and storage space as well. The best part about French easels is their easy to adjust capabilities; it makes painting at different angles a breeze.

4. A tri-pod easel: This is an easel which is based on three legs. They are unique because they come with a crossbar which makes the working plane sturdy. There is also vertical adjustability making any project easy to handle.

5. A display easel: This type of easel is primarily used to display finished pieces of work. Most of the times they are used in presentation settings in the business world or as advertisement holders at supplies stores.

If you are thinking about expressing yourself artistically, you need to get your ideal easel. Choose from a table top easel, a paint-box easel, French easels or a tri-pod easel. Other types include the H-frame easels, a studio easel or for the most convenience, portable easels. Choose whichever one suits you.

About the Author

Ashelynn Fox Holder French

Bud Vase

Bud Vase
How do i grow Lucky bamboo faster??

I currently have 7 shoots of bamboo that i bought from Wal-Mart. Initially I put it in a glass vase with big pebbles and water. I am not sure but i think either durect sunlight or the roots went a little dry. A couple of leaves got yellow and then i was told and found out that Bamboo does not require any light!!! and the roots should be in water always and should change water once in 2 weeks. I also started putting a little all purpose miricle grow in the water and change it once in 2 weeks. Now it is growing a little bit of new buds which had yellowed initially. I am not sure if i should just continue what i am doing?? Or should i change water less often than 2 weeks??? or some other techniques cause no new leaves from already coming leaves seem to be sprouting. Its very slow and even though new sprouts are coming, i am hoping there could be something i could do to help it grow faster????

couple of things…all plants need light in order for the process of photosynthesis to occur. this is how plants process nutrients to stay alive. also, lucky bamboo is not actually bamboo, it is a variety of common houseplant called “dracaena”, so don’t try to care for it like bamboo. it is a very slow grower. you are doing exactly what you need to be doing to support the plant. high light conditions will cause the plant to stretch towards the light. do NOT let the roots dry out, it is a struggle for them to recover. keep putting just a DAB of miracle grow in there every time you change the water. it is very common for the tips of these plants to turn brown, but’s it’s ok, that doesn’t mean it’s dying.

Pottery- Wide shouldered bud vase.